Course title: 
Probability theory
Primary programme: 
Fizikus mérnök BSc
ECTS credits: 
Course type: 
Number of lectures per week: 
Number of practices per week: 
Number of laboratory exercises per week: 
Further knowledge transfer methods: 
Special grading methods: 
Multivariable calculus
Responsible lecturer: 
Dr. Péter Bálint, associate professor, PhD
Lecturers and instructors: 
Course description: 
1. Introduction: empirical background, sample space, events, probability as a set function. Enumeration problems, inclusion-exclusion formula, urn models, problems of geometric origin. 2. Conditional probability: basic concepts, multiplication rule, law of total probability, Bayes formula, applications. Independence. 3. Discrete random variables: probability mass function, Bernoulli, geometric, binomial, hypergeometric and negative binomial distributions. Poisson approximation of the binomial distribution, Poisson distribution, Poisson process, applications. 4. General theory of random variables: (cumulative) distribution function and its properties, singular continuous distributions, absolutely continuous distributions and probability density functions. Important continuous distributions: uniform, exponential, normal (Gauss), Cauchy. Distribution of a function of a random variable, transformation of probability densities. 5. Quantities associated to distributions: expected value, moments, median, variance and their properties. Computation for the important distributions. Steiner formula. Applications. 6. Joint distributions: joint distibution, mass and density functions, marginal and conditional distributions. Important joint distributions: polynomial, uniform and mutlidimensional normal distribution. Sums of independent variables, convolution, Conditional distribution and density functions. Conditional expectation and prediction, tower rule, conditional variance. Vector of expected values, Covariance matrix, Cauchy-Schwartz inequality, correlation. Indicator random variables. 7. Weak Law of Large Numbers: Bernoulli’s Law of Large Numbers, Markov and Chebyshev inequality. Weak Law of Large numbers in full generality. 8. Normal approximation of binomial distribution: Stirling formula, de Moivre-Laplace theorem. Applications. Normal fluctuations. Central Limit Theorem.
Reading materials: 
William Feller: An Introduction to Probability Theory and its Applications, 3rd Edition, Wiley, ISBN-13: 978-8126518050 Sheldon Ross: A First Course in Probability, 10th Edition, Pearson, ISBN-13: 978-1292269207
List of competences: 
Please find the detailed list, as quoted from the Hungarian training and outcome requirements of the Physicist Engineer program, in the Hungarian version of the course description.