During the four-year PhD programme in physics, your activities as a PhD student will be focussed on scientific research. You can find research opportunities both in experimental and theoretical physics at the international level, offered in the research groups of the Institute of Physics and the Institute of Nuclear Techniques. Available areas include solid state physics, quantum physics and informatics, nanotechnology and materials science, optics and photonics, nuclear physics, and medical physics. Taking graduate-level courses, at the average of one course per semester, is also part of the programme. The PhD degree is awarded after a final exam, and the submission and defense of the PhD thesis summarizing your research activities.