Chirality transfer from molecules to crystals: A Nature Chemistry publication

By using scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM), photoelectron diffraction and density functional theory, a microscopic insight is reported how the chiral hemifullerene (C30H12) molecule arranges copper surface atoms in its vicinity into a chiral structure. The results could contribute to the development of new synthetic materials and drugs.

Figure: STM image of a two-dimensional copper island decorated with M- and P-type hemifullerene molecules

Quantum-critical circuits: a new Nature pubication

In a collaboration with Stanford, researchers in the EQP 'Momentum' Group of the Institute of Physics studied how electrons 'cease to exist' in a nano-circuit. Researchers Pascu Moca and Gergely Zarand (group leader) collaborated with the experimental group of David Goldhaber-Gordon at Stanford to realize and investigate in detail a so-called quantum critical state by using nano-electronic circuits.

The Stanford group built an artificial atom, attached to external electrodes. With the help of the computations of the Momentum group, they managed to tune the circuit to a state, where the artificial atom destroys every electron that passes through it. They observed in detail how – in agreement with the theoretical computations – this new quantum state forms where electrons in the electrodes loose their usual properties and cease to exist in some sense [Keller et al, Nature 526, 237 (2015)].

A. J. Keller, L. Peeters, C. P. Moca, I. Weymann, D. Mahalu, V. Umansky, G. Zaránd & D. Goldhaber-Gordon: Universal Fermi liquid crossover and quantum criticality in a mesoscopic system, Nature 526, 237 (2015).